Wind power has been used as long as human race have place sails into the wind.
For more than 2 millennia wind-powered machines have ground grain and pumped water. Wind generation was wide available and not confined to the banks of fast flowing streams or later requiring sources of fuel. Wind powered pumps drained the polders of Kingdom of The Netherlands and in arid regions like the american mid west . Australian outback wind pumps provided water for live stock and steam engines.
The first windmill used for the assembly of electricity was in-built Scotland in July 1887 by professor James Blyth of Anderson’s college. Glasgow (the precursor of Strathclyde University). Blyth’s 10 m high cloth-sailed wind turbine was put in within the garden of his vacation cottage at Marykirk in Kincardineshire and was used to charge accumulators developed by the Frenchman Camille Alphonse Faure to power the lighting within the house. So making it the first house within the world to have its electricity equipped by wind power. Blyth offered the excess electricity to the people of Marykirk for lighting the most street. However, they
turned down the offer as they thought electricity was “the work of the devil.” Though he later built a wind turbine to provide emergency power to the local Lunatic Asylum, infirmary and clinic of Montrose. The invention never very caught on because the technology wasn’t thought of to be economically viable.
Across the Atlantic in Cleveland Ohio a bigger and heavily built machine was designed and made within the winter of 1887–1888 by Charles F. Brush. This was designed by his engineering company at his home and operated from 1886 till 1900. The brush turbine had a rotor 17 m in diameter and was mounted on an 18 m tower. Though massive by today’s standards the machine was only rated at 12 kW. The connected dynamo was used either to charge a bank of batteries or to control up to 100 incandescent light-weight bulbs 3 arc lamps and numerous motors in Brush’s laboratory.
With the event of electrical power, wind power found new applications in lighting buildings remote from centrally generated power.
Throughout the 20th century parallel paths developed little wind stations appropriate for farms or residences, and bigger utility-scale wind generators that might be connected to electricity grids for remote use of power. Nowadays wind powered generators operate in each size vary between tiny stations for battery charging at isolated residences up to near-gigawatt sized offshore wind farms that offer electricity to national electrical networks.